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Meeting to Discuss the 1961 Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine "Quick Fix," 1963514 viewsSubject Date: 30 December 1963
Summary: After President John F. Kennedy's assassination on November 22, 1963, a panel of experts from the Secret Service, the Army Materials Research Center, Hess & Eisenhardt and Pittsburgh Plate Glass met to discuss a new presidential limousine. Because of the pressing need for presidential transportation, the panel recommended that the 1961 Lincoln Continental limousine be rebuilt as an armored car.
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Overhead View of Back Seat, 1956 Cadillac Presidential Limousine466 views United States Secret Service agent Morgan L. Gies was responsible for White House vehicles from 1941 to 1967, serving five presidents. This photograph from his personal collection shows a 1956 Cadillac. Ohio company O'Gara-Hess and Eisenhardt custom-built two of these convertibles -- Queen Mary II and Queen Elizabeth II -- for presidential motorcade duty. They served Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson.
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Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine Customization, Testing Adjustable Hydraulic Seat, 1961324 viewsThe Hess & Eisenhardt Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, transformed a stock 1961 Lincoln Continental convertible into the presidential limousine. Among the unique modifications was a hydraulic lift installed on the rear seat. At the touch of a button, the president could raise the seat 10 1/2 inches to make himself and his passengers more visible to crowds watching the limousine pass.
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Preparing to Load the 1950 Lincoln "Bubble-Top" and 1956 Cadillac Presidential Limousines into Cargo Hold of C-130 Hercules Transport Plane, circa 1960459 views
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Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine Customization, Chassis Testing on a Jig, 1961325 viewsThe Hess & Eisenhardt Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, transformed a stock 1961 Lincoln Continental convertible into the presidential limousine. The firm stretched the car by 3 1/2 feet, added steps for Secret Service agents, and installed a siren, flashing lights, and other special accessories. The customization took approximately six months and the car arrived at the White House in June 1961.
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Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine Customization, Installing Rear Enclosed Roof, 1961319 viewsAs originally built, the 1961 Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine had three different roof options. A removable steel section provided privacy, clear plastic sections provided weather protection, and a completely open top gave the president maximum visibility. The plastic panels fit neatly into the trunk and were available whenever needed. None of the removable tops was armored.
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Converted 1961 Presidential Lincoln Continental Limousine, 1964358 views After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy during a November 1963 parade, plans were made to overhaul his presidential limousine - a 1961 Lincoln Continental convertible. Among many changes, Ohio company Hess and Eisenhardt re-armored the passenger compartment, added a permanent top, and reinforced additional components. The converted car, completed in May 1964, remained in the White House fleet until 1977.
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Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine Customization, the Spare Tire Well, 1961354 viewsThe Hess & Eisenhardt Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, transformed a stock 1961 Lincoln Continental convertible into the presidential limousine. The firm stretched the car by 3 1/2 feet, added steps for Secret Service agents, and installed a siren, flashing lights, and other special accessories. The customization took approximately six months and the car arrived at the White House in June 1961.
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Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine Customization, Lengthened Rear Side, 1961350 viewsThe Hess & Eisenhardt Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, transformed a stock 1961 Lincoln Continental convertible into the presidential limousine. The firm stretched the car by 3 1/2 feet, added steps for Secret Service agents, and installed a siren, flashing lights, and other special accessories. The customization took approximately six months and the car arrived at the White House in June 1961.
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President Kennedy with Venezuelan President Romulo Betancourt in the 1961 Presidential Lincoln Limousine, Washington, D.C., 1963529 viewsSubject Date: February 1963
Summary: Foreign policy was an outstanding aspect of John F. Kennedy's Cold War administration. Amid global political and military tensions, the president hosted several Latin American dignitaries. This photograph shows Kennedy with Romulo Betancourt, then president of Venezuela. The two friends and statesmen met in February 1963 to discuss their nations' relationship and mutual concerns.
Creator: Stoughton, Cecil, 1920-2008
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President Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird Johnson in Presidential Limousine, 1964547 viewsPresident Lyndon B. and Lady Bird Johnson sit in the 1964 presidential limousine. This is the same 1961 Lincoln Continental that President John F. Kennedy was riding in when he was assassinated in November 1963, but with major modifications. Kennedy's convertible received a permanent roof, bullet-proof glass, and armor-plating. It remained part of the White House fleet until early 1977.
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1961 Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine Trunk after "Quick Fix," 1964353 viewsAfter President John F. Kennedy's assassination on November 22, 1963, the Hess & Eisenhardt Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, rebuilt the 1961 Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine into an armored car. The back of the car's rear seat was plated with 3/8-inch thick titanium, and the fuel tank was lined with urethane foam able to suppress an explosion.
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